peoples are descendants of the earliest inhabitants who locate
themselves as a community in a specific ecological niche, which
they call their traditional or customary land.
shaman during a healing ritual
land is the basis of their social organisation, economic system
and cultural identification. Indigenous peoples see their traditional
lands as being imbued with a spirituality and a sacredness whose
protection and care will ensure their continued survival as a
people. Click here for
Hinduism was invented by Europeans for the Indian religion. In
reality, it does not denote a single Indian religion but a whole
cluster of religions, a confederation of religions.
Mahadev temple, Khajuraho
usually call their religion eternal order. In Sanskrit, the old
classical language of India, this is Sanatana dharma. This
central concept of dharma determines everything: it means
order, the law, obligation.
here for the
It is not
authoritarian patriarchalism that stands at the centre of the
teaching of Confucius, but what is truly human.
(ren) in the sense of loving care, goodness, benevolence,
is the ethical term that is used most frequently in the Analects
here for the
of heaven, Khajuraho
has often been asserted that Buddhism is not really a religion
but a philosophy. However, Buddhism is not a philosophy. It is
a religion; it is a doctrine of liberation and a way to liberation.
footprint of Buddha,
And in fact
the Buddha understood himself as something like a doctor who wanted
to help suffering people to find liberation and redemption. However,
everyone had to try out the means of healing for themselves.
here for the article. ............
portrays the Jews as a people who have been chosen by God. However,
for believing Jews, this is not an expression of superiority and
arrogance but an expression of a particular obligation: an obligation
to Gods covenant, Gods commandments, Gods teaching
in Hebrew, the Torah.
does not mean that all the commandments of the Jewish sacred law
were given from the very beginning. And of course there were also
elementary commandments of humanity among the peoples outside
would be wrong to identify Christianity with ecclesiastical power
structures and bureaucratic institutions. Christians are those
who throughout their personal lives and everyone has his
or her own life to live are guided by Jesus Christ.
George's Church, Penang
is no doubt that through the prophet Muhammad, the Arabs were
raised to the level of an ethical high religion, grounded in belief
in the one God and in a basic ethic of humanity, with clear imperatives
for more humanity and more justice.
its origins onwards, Islam was a religion not so much of the law
as of an ethic. And there is also something like the Ten Commandments,
the basis of a common ethic of humanity. Click
it is stressed that without strict ethical purity of conduct,
there is no possibility of any advance in the religious experience.
A religious life not strictly grounded in ethical conduct, or
a religious discipline which ignores the ethical requirements,
is considered a great error in Sikhism.
from a rare manuscript
of Guru Granth Sahib.
is centred around a need to understand and experience God, and
eventually become one with Waheguru (God). That is, to
attain mukti (liberation from birth, death and rebirth)
"through the grace of God". Click
to the Bahai Faith, from time to time throughout human history,
God has sent divine messengers, or manifestations of God, who
bring fresh outpourings of spiritual light that nourishes and
gives life to the souls and becomes the basis of a new religion
with its own character. They each bring new social teachings suited
for their time that become the basis of a new civilization.
of the Bab
the spiritual precepts that deal with eternal truths, such as
the unity of God, love, peace, truthfulness, honesty and trustworthiness
remain the same in all the religions. Click
articles on places of worship in Penang
Worship are covered under the Attractions section of the Penang
Tourism website. The articles offer fascinating insights into
houses of worship in and around Penang.
include Acheen Street Mosque, St. George's Church, Kek Lok Si,
Dharmikarama Burmese Temple and the Mariamman Temple. Link
to articles on religious institutions in Penang.